Why Do I Have Dandruff In My Hair?

Approximately 50% of the population is affected by dandruff at some point in their lives. People are embarrassed by the red flakes on their heads.

While you may think it is normal and there is no need to alter anything, it is not. Your hair type influences your scalp in significant ways, and there are many types of hair. Knowing your hair type is essential in treatment if you suffer from dandruff or other similar problems.

Many people suffer from dandruff, a skin condition characterized by flaky and dry skin on the scalp. Even though dandruff can appear on any hair, it is most commonly observed in people who have oily scalps.

Scalp dandruff is characterized by white flakes of skin on the scalp. Whether dry or oily, the flakes are usually itchy or red. In most cases, dandruff affects adults.

Many people have either rough or fine hair, depending on their hair type. A fine hairstyle puts you at high risk for dandruff, itchy scalp, and other problems, including dandruff. On the other hand, you will have an oily scalp if you have a coarser hair type.

What are the main Causes of Dandruff?

Understand The Nature Of Dandruff

Dandruff is caused by the fungus Malassezia globose, a common scalp condition. In an acidic environment, this fungus thrives, and overgrowth can cause the cells on the scalp to die and flake off, resulting in dandruff. Dandruff can be treated with shampoos that have been formulated to reduce or eliminate this fungus.

The dominant fungus (Malassezia species) supported a healthy scalp microenvironment.

In addition, dandruff can be caused by psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, dry skin, or oily skin. There are several ways to treat and prevent dandruff.

Dandruff is an issue that affects people all over the world. It is an annoyance that causes people to waste both time and money creating something useless.

It’s a simple fact, though: dandruff is simply a symptom of something much bigger and more severe than it seems.

Know Your Hair Type For Dandruff

There is a lack of natural oils in the hair and scalp, which causes dandruff. We call dandruff the flakes that form when the scalp becomes too dry; the natural oils are stripped away, which causes the flakes.

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Know About Your Hair Texture

A simple way to determine your hair type is by noticing the texture of your hair. This is the fastest and simplest method to achieve this result. A thick, brittle head of hair is one indication that your hair is fine. The silkiness and softness of your hair give it the appearance of having a wiry texture. Additionally, your hairstylist can assist you in identifying the type of hair you have.

Check Your Scalp

It is essential to thoroughly clean your hair and scalp before beginning any scalp treatment. Whenever you have an issue with your scalp, you should conduct a thorough inspection before starting any treatment. There are several causes of coarse hair, but dandruff is one of the most popular. Consequently, this is not surprising at all. When you have this problem, you will need to pay special attention to how you take care of your scalp. If you have a thin or bald scalp, it will increase the likelihood of having a coarse hair type.

Check Your Skin

Checking your skin is another significant thing you need to do. Regardless of the hair type, people think that having a dry and rough skin condition will result from having a suitable hair type. This is not the case. When you have a specific kind of hair and have a dry skin type, this will lead to itching and other problems in the future.

Determine If Dandruff Is Normal

In the winter, dandruff is a common condition, but if you are interested in getting rid of it, you should consult a dermatologist. Here are a few reasons why people get dandruff.

Dry Skin

Dandruff is a result of dry skin on your scalp. The dryness of your scalp prevents your hair follicles from getting the nourishment they need to grow; when your scalp is dry, the dead skin cells that make up dandruff can’t be shed. Keeping your hair moisturized is essential to keep it healthy, and you can use an oil or cream to keep it moisturized.

Fungal Infection

An infection on your scalp is the leading cause of dandruff. Yeast overgrowth in your hair follicles causes this infection caused by a weakened immune system. Stress, illness, poor nutrition, and even medications, such as birth control pills and steroids, can cause the fungus to develop.

Hormonal Changes

During their menstrual cycle, many women experience scalp flakes. This is because estrogen encourages the production of oils, which coat the scalp in a protective film. Estrogen is produced less and less in the process, and the film gets thinner. Thus, more oil is made, and the scalp frequently sheds it.

Nutritional Deficiency

Since dandruff usually signals a more severe issue, it’s advisable to treat the underlying problem before treating dandruff. Vitamin deficiencies often cause dandruff, so ensure that you’re getting the recommended daily allowances of zinc, vitamins B, C, and E, along with biotin.

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Identify The Causes Of Dandruff

The cause of dandruff is usually caused by a yeast-like organism called Pityrosporum ovale (P.ovale), which is naturally present on the scalp. Sebum is natural oil produced by the skin glands, which promotes the growth of P. ovale fungi.

Excessive Use Of Hot Water For Washing Hair

It is incredibly harmful to wash your hair with boiling water or even water because it causes dry hair and dandruff. Keeping the hair healthy requires sufficient moisture, but not too much of it.

Dry Air

In humid climates, your scalp will be dry, and your hair will also get dandruff. Stay away from dry air if you want to avoid dandruff.

Over-Using Hair Products

The ingredients in hair products can cause your hair to be damaged after a few months of continuous use, so you should stop using them after a few months.


Some drugs can cause dandruff. Medications can help you get rid of dandruff if you suffer from a disease like it.

Haircare Products

The chemicals in hair care products like shampoo, conditioner, and oil can damage your hair, so you should stop using them.

Bad Diet

 An improper diet can also cause dandruff. To get rid of dandruff, you should eat healthy foods.


Dandruff can develop as a result of stress. When you are under pressure, you should rest and avoid stressful situations.


You can keep your skin healthy and avoid sunburns by using sunscreen. However, overuse of sunscreen can cause your hair to become dry and flaky. Hence, it is essential to use sunscreen after completing your day’s work

Dandruff Treatment

Typically, ZPT is used in shampoos at a 0.5-2 percent concentration to treat dandruff.

A) Treatment Of The Cause

In addition, antifungal agents such as Zinc Pyrithione, Selenium Sulfide, Ketoconazole, and Climbazole can be used.

B) Treatment Of The Symptoms

The treatment involves utilizing anti-proliferative agents like coal tar and keratolytic agents like Salicylic acid.

1. Lemon Juice

Utilizing lemon juice for dandruff treatment is one of the most effective and natural remedies. Fresh and healthy hair and scalp can be achieved through lemon juice application. Massage your scalp with lemon juice for 2-3 minutes twice a week. Lemons clean your scalp and make it fresh and healthy.

2. Olive Oil

Furthermore, olive oil helps to eliminate dandruff. Extra-virgin olive oil benefits hair and scalp. Leaving olive oil in your hair overnight will benefit your hair. After waking up in the morning, you should wash your hair with lukewarm water. You’ll have lustrous, healthy-looking hair if you follow this procedure.

3. Tea Tree Oil

There is evidence that tea tree oil has antifungal properties and can treat dandruff and Candida albicans. In treating dandruff, tea tree oil with a concentration of 5% seems to be effective.

Tee tree oil can be used to treat dandruff and strengthen your hair simultaneously. Apply tea tree oil to the scalp overnight for relief from itching and irritation. It will be less itchy and irritated when you wash your hair the following day. Dandruff can be removed fast and easily with this method.

In addition to being antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory, neem can treat dandruff.

Therefore, Dandruff is a common scalp condition that causes skin flakes to appear on the hair and scalp. It can be caused by various factors, including dry skin, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, or eczema. If you are experiencing dandruff, there are several things you can do to get rid of it. You can try over-the-counter anti-dandruff shampoos or lotions or see your doctor for prescription medication. 

Some natural remedies may help get rid of dandruff. Try using a tea tree oil shampoo or applying apple cider vinegar to your scalp before washing your hair.

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