Depending on the type of skin and the severity of the discoloration, the type of treatment required will vary. There’s no reason to have them treated as long as the dark spots aren’t too bothersome.
If the spots don’t go away after a few months, you may not need to do anything at all.
For example, if you have hyperpigmentation following an acne breakout, this could be the case.
The use of sun protection can delay the darkening of the spots for the time being.
If you stop using skincare products and some medications that cause discoloration, it may prevent new dark spots from forming.
The AAD states that spots typically fade within six to twelve months if the cause is removed. Daily sunscreen is essential to help the area fade and prevent the sun from darkening it.
However, dark spots can take years to fade. Skin lightening creams and medical treatments may be of assistance in these situations.
Underlying Medical Condition Treatment
Acne and psoriasis can be treated to prevent the development of new lesions. As time passes, any dark spots that may have formed due to these conditions will fade away.
Everyone should use sunscreen, but studies show that non-Hispanic black people are less likely to do so than other ethnic groups.
The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays are responsible for most dark spots on the skin. Overproduction of melanin results in new hyperpigmentation and the darkening of existing hyperpigmentation.
Everybody should use sunscreen, according to the AAD, which:
- Sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher
- All exposed skin should be covered, not just the face, and worn yearly.
Drugstores and the Internet are stocked with sunscreens.
Many people believe that using natural remedies will help lighten people’s skin tone of color. Among the most popular are:
- the gel of aloe vera, green tea, and lemon juice
- turmeric and tea tree oil in soy milk
Even if these natural remedies do lighten hyperpigmentation, there is no scientific evidence to support this claim. Some of them may even lead to the development of additional skin issues. It can cause skin irritation and dryness, for example, by using lemon juice.
Nonetheless, these natural products are unlikely to harm if used sparingly.
Various over-the-counter products can help even out skin tone. The following ingredients should be found in a skin lightener for the most effective results:
This is a healthy source of vitamin C
Several foods contain vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant. According to studies, it can help prevent sun damage, boost collagen levels, and reduce melanin production, all of which can help to reduce hyperpigmentation.
The problem is that current preparations have a hard time penetrating the skin, so it’s not clear how effective it will be.
- There are vitamin C serums in pharmacies and on the internet.
- Dark spot lightening with hydroquinone is very common. It inhibits the production of melanin, much like vitamin C does.
- Hydroquinone concentrations in OTC products range from 2% to 4%, whereas prescription creams typically contain 4%.
- Some drugstores, pharmacies and online retailers sell hydroquinone creams.
- A chemical compound is known as kojic acid
- Another common skin lightener is kojic acid.
Dark spots can be lightened, but they might not be as effective as other methods. Researchers found that 4% hydroquinone cream is more effective for treating melasma than 0.75 percent kojic acid cream for treating hyperpigmentation.
Kojic acid solutions can be purchased online or at some pharmacies.
Gel of Differin
The 0.1 percent adapalene gel (Differin) is an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory treatment and prevents the formation of acne comedones.
Dermatologists may prescribe it to their patients to help them achieve a more even skin tone, lighten dark spots, and prevent acne breakouts.
Some people may turn to medical treatment if home remedies fail to remove the dark spots.
Before undergoing any of these procedures, consult with a dermatologist to weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each treatment option.
Some examples of medical care are:
- The use of lasers
- Laser therapy eliminates hyperpigmentation by using light to remove it.
Laser therapy is both practical and durable. It’s worth it if you’re willing to spend the money. If the doctor accidentally focuses on the skin surrounding the dark spots, the surrounding skin may become lighter. Even if the dark spot is removed and replaced with a lighter one, it will remain visible.
When compared to other methods of exfoliation, such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels go deeper into the skin’s surface. Strong chemical peels can cause skin damage and even further pigmentation changes despite their effectiveness.
In addition to being prohibitively expensive, this procedure may require multiple sessions before seeing any results.
Not To Use
Using excessively harsh skin treatments may cause skin damage and harm internal organs.
A few websites advise using liquid bleach to lighten dark spots. This product can cause severe burns if applied to the skin.
The following ingredients may appear on ingredient lists for skin lighteners: Also, be on the lookout for skin lighteners that contain mercury.
- Calumet hydrargyri oxide rubrum quicksilver are all forms of mercury.
According to the WHO, skin lightening soaps and creams containing mercury may cause the following side effects:
- kidney damage
- rashes on the face and body
- pigmentation scarring of the skin
- increased risk of bacterial and fungal infections
- Anxiety, depression, and psychosis are all forms of peripheral neuropathy mental health issues (nerve damage)
rashes on the face and body
pigmentation scarring of the skin
increased risk of bacterial and fungal infections
Anxiety, depression, and psychosis are all forms of peripheral neuropathy mental health issues (nerve damage)
Especially with ageing and hormonal fluctuations, black skin can develop dark spots.
You can, however, reduce your chances of contracting them by doing the following:
- SPF 30 sunscreen should be applied to the face and body every day.
- In the case of swimming or excessive sweating, apply sunscreen every two hours.
- Using a moisturiser daily
- The use of harsh exfoliating products should be avoided.
- rapid treatment of skin conditions like acne and psoriasis
- If you develop dark spots on your skin after taking the birth control pill or any other medication, consult a medical professional.
When To See A Dermatologist?
If home remedies fail to alleviate the problem, people may want to see a dermatologist.
A dermatologist should also be consulted for skin conditions that cause dark spots to appear.
Dark spots are more likely to appear in people with darker skin. Although they’re entirely harmless, people may choose to treat them for cosmetic reasons
Using skin lighteners and addressing the underlying cause are two common home remedies.
Laser therapy and other treatments can be discussed with a dermatologist if these don’t work for the sufferer.